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Objective: To determine association of iron deficiency anemia with febrile fits among children between 6 months to 59 months.
Methodology: This case-control study was conducted at BLINDED from 1st January 2021 to 31st December 2021. The study enrolled the sample via non-probability convenience sampling. A total of 190 sample was enrolled in this study with 95 as cases and 95 as controls. The cases were defined as the patients of either gender who were admitted to pediatric unit with diagnosis of 1st episode febrile fits; while the controls were defined to be patients of either gender who were admitted to pediatric unit with fever but without fits. Blood sample was collected for laboratory investigations and a pre-designed performa was used to extract the data. Data was analyzed using SPSS v.25.0, wherein descriptive and analytical statistics were applied where needed.
Results: The mean age of the sample was 3.54±2.115 years (cases: 2.76±1.44 years & controls: 4.31±2.384 years). In gender distribution, 116 (61.1%) were males and 74 (38.9%) were females. In temperature statistics, a mean of 102.771±1.4278oF was recorded in all the patients (cases: 102.879±1.43oF, controls: 102.662±1.422oF). In total, 31 (16.3%) patients were diagnosed to be Iron Deficiency Anaemia [cases: 18/95 (18.9%), control: 13/95 (13.7%)] with an Odds Ratio of 1.475 with increased likelihood of Iron Deficiency Anaemia in cases as compared to controls (p-value: 0.326).
Conclusion: The study concluded an insignificant association but a slightly positive likelihood of febrile fits with Iron Deficiency Anaemia.
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