FREQUENCY OF HEPATITIS B AND C IN PATIENTS VISITING OUTPATIENT DEPARTMENT OF DISTRICT HEAD QUARTERS HOSPITAL LAKKI

Main Article Content

Muhammad Ismail Khan
Mumtaz Muhammad

Abstract

Objective:

 

To find out the frequency of hepatitis B and C among the patients visiting out patient

department

Methodology: A

 

st

January 2008 to 31 December 2008 in out patient department (OPD) District

Headquarter Hospital Lakki. Patients of either sex and more that 15 years of age were screened for both

hepatitis B and C. Patients with evidence of hepatitis B or C in the past were excluded. The HBs Ag and

Anti-HCV screening was performed through Immunochromatographic (ICT) method. All sera showing

reactivity were then confirmed with Enzyme Linked Immumosorbent Assay (ELISA). The information of the

patients was recorded on a proforma and analyzed.

total of 1443 subjects were screened for HBs Ag and anti-HCV in this descriptive

study

conducted from 1st 

January 2008 to 31 December 2008 in out patient department (OPD) District

Headquarter Hospital Lakki. Patients of either sex and more that 15 years of age were screened for both

hepatitis B and C. Patients with evidence of hepatitis B or C in the past were excluded. The HBs Ag and

Anti-HCV screening was performed through Immunochromatographic (ICT) method. All sera showing

reactivity were then confirmed with Enzyme Linked Immumosorbent Assay (ELISA). The information of the

patients was recorded on a proforma and analyzed.

Results:

 

The frequency of hepatitis B was found to be 175 (12.12%) with a male predominance of 138

(14.97%). Prevalence of hepatitis C was 58 (4.0%) with a male predominance 39 (4.22%), whereas in 5

(0.35%) cases both hepatitis B and C were present. Highest frequency of HBs Ag was detected in the

settled area of the district while anti HCV was positive in high proportions in the frontier region (FR).

Overall prevalence of hepatitis was more common in rural population than the urban population.

Conclusion:

 

Hepatitis B is more common than hepatitis C in District Lakki. The high frequency of

hepatitis needs to launch a major public awareness program and preventive measures to prevent its further

spread.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Khan MI, Muhammad M. FREQUENCY OF HEPATITIS B AND C IN PATIENTS VISITING OUTPATIENT DEPARTMENT OF DISTRICT HEAD QUARTERS HOSPITAL LAKKI. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2011 Dec. 29 [cited 2022 Dec. 5];26(1). Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/1202
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Original Article

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