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Safir Ullah
Naeem Mumtaz
Mian Asad Ullah
Siddique Ahmad


Objective: This study was conducted to know the frequency of various indications and complications of

intestinal stomas.

Material and Methods: This hospital based, descriptive study was carried out in the Surgical Unit of

Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan from June 2002 to June 2004. One hundred consecutive

cases with some form of intestinal stoma were included in the study. All the relevant data including age,

sex, indication, grade of surgeon and physical complications were recorded on a proforma. Psychological

and biochemical complication were excluded from the study. Results were analyzed at the end of the study.

Results: Out of 100 cases, 74% cases were operated as emergency while 26% cases were operated in

elective settings. Mean age was 37.8years. Ileostomy was the main procedure done in 65% cases while

colostomy was done in 30% of cases. Colorectal carcinoma (22%) penetrating abdominal trauma (22%)

and typhoid perforation (20%) were the main indications for stoma formation. Some of the major

complications noticed were skin excoriation (12%), oedema of spout (8%), prolapse (6%) and retraction

(4%). In majority of the patients, these complications were managed with conservative measures while

some of the patients required revision of the stoma.

Conclusion: Formation of stoma is a safe procedure for various abdominal pathologies. Complication

rate is acceptable and can be further reduced by taking appropriate measures.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ullah S, Mumtaz N, Ullah MA, Ahmad S. COMPLICATIONS OF INTESTINAL STOMAS. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2011 Jul. 25 [cited 2023 Dec. 6];19(4). Available from:
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