Ischemic heart disease is a leading cause of death all over the world. The major risk factors for athrerosclerosis are hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking and hypercholesterolaemia. This study comprising 2201 subjects conducted in four citis of the mean cholesterol in hypertensive and nomotensive group was 192 + 51.0 and 174 + 54mg% respectively. the mean cholesterol value of lower socioeconomic group was 172 + 52.9mg% and higher socioeconimic group was 191 + 53.8mg%. Value in children was found to be 146 + 30.55mg% among boyes and 148 + 31.9mg% among girls. Mean cholesterol values vary in different cities. Large scale surveys are required to define the risk factors so that a well orchestrated drive can be planned accordingly.