VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY IN PATIENTS WITH DIABETIC RETINOPATHY

Main Article Content

Farzana Khan
Robina Usman
Shafaq Zafar
Shamaila Wadud

Abstract

Objective: To determine the relationship of vitamin D deficiency with diabetic
retinopathy (DR) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Methodology: This comparative study recruited one hundred cases from January
to April 2012 from the Department of Endocrinology, Hayatabad Medical
Complex, Peshawar; 50 with DR and 50 without DR. Frequency of Vitamin D
levels was assessed and compared between the groups. The data was analyzed
using SPSS v.17 and to compare the groups, Chi square test was used.
Results: Mean age of the cases with DR was 53.0 ±10.6 years and those without
DR 54.0 ±8.5 years. Significant vitamin D deficiency was demonstrated in diabetics
with any stage of retinopathy as compared to those without retinopathy.
Among cases with non-proliferative retinopathy (NPDR) 41 (82%) had normal
to low levels of vitamin D. In cases with PDR 9(18%) had normal to low levels of
vitamin D levels. P-value was highly significant (p=0.001).
Conclusion: Diabetics with retinopathy were found to have significal vitamin
D deficiency as compared to those without retinopathy. As the DR increased,
levels of vitamin D decreased.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Khan F, Usman R, Zafar S, Wadud S. VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY IN PATIENTS WITH DIABETIC RETINOPATHY. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2017 May 12 [cited 2023 Feb. 4];31(2). Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/2022
Section
Original Article
Author Biography

Farzana Khan

assistant professor

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