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There has been a major trend in academic publishing from traditional print publication to open access journals and online publication in recent times. The authors now find more avenues to publish their work than before, but at the same time vulnerable to become prey to predatory journals. The term "Predatory Journals" was first coined by Jeffrey Beall1, Associate Professor and librarian at the university of Colorado Denver. According to Beall predatory publisher is one"which publish counterfeit journals to exploit the open access model in which the author pays."
The most recent clear, comprehensive and consensus definition of predatory journal was formulated in April 2019 in Ottawa, Canada by 43 researchers belonging to 10 different countries.2 Their definition reads" Predatory journals and publishers are entities that prioritize self interest at the expense of scholarship and are characterized by false or misleading information, deviation from best editorial and publication practices, a lack of transparency, and/or the use of aggressive and indiscriminate solicitation practices."Alternative terms for predatory journals are "Dark Journals," 2 "Illegitimate Journals"3,4 "Deceptive Journals"5 Pseudo Journals"6and "Journals Operating in Bad Faith"7
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