THE DIAGNOSTIC ACCURACY OF NUMERICAL COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY SEVERITY INDEX AND RANSON SCORE IN PREDICTING SEVERE ACUTE PANCREATITIS

Main Article Content

Rahmat Ullah Shah
Sadia Shah
Shabir Ahmad

Abstract

 


Objective: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of numerical CT severity index (CTSI) and Ranson score in pre­dicting severe Acute Pancreatitis (AP) keeping organ failure as the gold standard.


Methodology: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in the Department of Surgery, Medical Teaching Institute, Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar, from November 2020 to May 2021 on 238 patients with acute pancreatitis. All patients were subjected to the prediction of Severe Acute Pancreatitis (SAP)/organ failure on CTSI and Ranson criteria.


Results: The mean age of the participants was 30.7+7.6 years. There were 54.2% male and 45.8% female as per gender distribution. The mean duration of AP at presentation was 3.8 +1.8 days. Prediction of SAP in terms of organ failure was predicted in 55.9% of patients on Ranson criteria and 59.2% of patients on CTSI. The sensi­tivity of Ranson criteria was 37.5% and specificity of 25.4% with a Positive Predictive Value (PPV) of 33.8% and a Negative Predictive Value (NPV) of 28.5%. The sensitivity of CTSI was 88.9% and specificity 71.1% with PPV of 75.9% & NPV of 86.6%.


Conclusion: CTSI is a highly sensitive and specific tool for predicting the severity of acute pancreatitis when compared to the Ranson criteria in patients presenting with acute pancreatitis.

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1.
Shah RU, Shah S, Ahmad S. THE DIAGNOSTIC ACCURACY OF NUMERICAL COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY SEVERITY INDEX AND RANSON SCORE IN PREDICTING SEVERE ACUTE PANCREATITIS. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2022 Jun. 30 [cited 2022 Aug. 19];36(2):74-8. Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/2940
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