Main Article Content

Farah Iqbal
Ghuncha Naqvi
Sadia Saleem
Sayyeda Taskeen Zahra


Objectives: To find out the disordered eating behavior and its relationship with mother overprotectiveness and emotion dysregulation and to find out the mediating role of emotional dyregulation between mother’s overprotec­tion and eating problems.

Methodology: Correlational research design was used in this research. Through multistage sampling, data was collected from 300 college students (Men=166, Women=134). Three measures were used in this study which were EMBU-A, Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire and Emotion Regulation Scale. Pearson product mo­ment correlation was conducted to determine relationship among disordered eating behavior, mother’s overprotec­tiveness and emotional dysregulation. Mediation analysis was carried out by Hayes model bootstrapping approach.

Results: Correlation analysis revealed that mother’s overprotection and emotion dysregulation were significantly positively correlated with eating problems (r = .13, p < .05) and eating problems (r = .24, p < .001). Moreover, emotion dysregulation significantly mediated the relationship of mother overprotection and eating problems = .21, SE = .05,.

Conclusion: Emotions can shift the focus of eating behaviors while considering the role of gender and maternal bonding during the adolescence period. A healthier relationship demands positive maternal practices that helps in decreasing the prevalence of disturbed eating behaviors. Based on the results awareness needs to be created among mental health professional to arrange seminars and trainings for students and parents from both gender regarding the consequences of disordered eating behavior in their children.

Article Details

How to Cite
Farah Iqbal, Naqvi G, Sadia Saleem, Sayyeda Taskeen Zahra. MOTHERS’ OVERPROTECTION AND EATING PROBLEMS IN COLLEGE STUDENTS: A MEDIATING ROLE OF EMOTION DYSREGULATION. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2023 Mar. 1 [cited 2024 May 30];37(1):46-52. Available from:
Original Article


Bjornelv S, Nordahl HM, Holmen TL. Psychological factors and weight prob¬lems in adolescents. The role of eating problems, emotional problems, and per¬sonality traits: the Young-HUNT study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2011;46(5):353-62. DOI: 10.1007/ s00127-010-0197-z.

Sikorski C, Luppa M, Luck T, Riedel Heller SG. Weight stigma "gets under the skin"-evidence for an adapted psy¬chological mediation framework: a sys¬tematic review. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015;23(2):266-76. DOI:10.1002/ oby.20952.

Ali SM. Disturbed eating attitudes among male and female university students. J Humanit Soc Sci. 2018;57(1):45–60.

Oden MS. Parenting Styles and Chil¬dren's Usage of the Internet in the Dig¬ital Age [dissertation]. Walden Univer¬sity.;2019.

A Levinson C, C Brosof L. Cultural and ethnic differences in eating disorders and disordered eating behaviors. Curr Psychiatry Rev. 2016;12(2):163-74.

Donald IN, Carey TA, Rickwood DJ. Therapeutic change in young peo¬ple—A qualitative investigation of cli¬ent and therapist perspectives. Couns Psychother Res. 2018;18(4):402-11. DOI:10.1002/capr.12191.

Longmore MA, Manning WD, Giordano PC. Parent-child relationships in ado¬lescence. 2013.

Usman A, Javed M, Amjad A, Jalil A, Shaheen I, Amjad U. Food, city and young Globavores: perceptions of Pa¬kistani urban youth about food choic¬es and healthy eating. Anthropologist. 2017;27(1-3):143-51.

Muazzam A, Khalid R. Disordered eating behaviors: an overview of Asian cultures. J Pak Psychiatr Soc. 2008;5(2):76-80.

Woodside DB, Garfinkel PE, Lin E, Go¬ering P, Kaplan AS, Goldbloom DS, et al. Comparisons of men with full or partial eating disorders, men without eating disorders, and women with eating dis¬orders in the community. Am J Psychia¬try. 2001;158(4):570-4. DOI:10.1176/ appi.ajp.158.4.570.

Sogari G, Velez-Argumedo C, Gómez MI, Mora C. College Students and Eat¬ing Habits: A Study Using An Ecological Model for Healthy Behavior. Nutrients. 2018;10(12):1823. DOI:10.3390/ nu10121823.

Bauer KW, Bucchianeri MM, Neu¬mark-Sztainer D. Mother-reported parental weight talk and adolescent girls' emotional health, weight con¬trol attempts, and disordered eating behaviors. J Eat Disord. 2013;1:45. DOI:10.1186/2050-2974-1-45.

Vaydich JL, Carpenter TP, Schwark JK, Molina L. Disordered eating among college students: The effects of paren¬tal attachment and the mediating role of emotion dysregulation. J Am Coll Health. 2022;70(7):2168-2175. DOI: 10.1080/07448481.2020.1846045.

Walayat S, Butt M. Parental accep¬tance-rejection, childhood trauma, emotion regulation, and psychological adjustment as the risk factors of psy¬chopathic tendencies in adolescents of Pakistan. Int J Acad Res Bus Soc Sci. 2017;7(5):9-24.

Eichen DM, Chen E, Boutelle KN, McClo¬skey MS. Behavioral evidence of emo¬tion dysregulation in binge eaters. Ap¬petite. 2017;111:1-6. DOI:10.1016/j. appet.2016.12.021.

Monell E, Hogdahl L, Mantilla EF, Birge¬gard A. Emotion dysregulation, self-im¬age and eating disorder symptoms in University Women. J Eat Disord. 2015;3:44. DOI:10.1186/s40337- 015-0083-x.

Gouveia MJ, Canavarro MC, Morei¬ra H. Is Mindful Parenting Associated With Adolescents' Emotional Eat¬ing? The Mediating Role of Adoles¬cents' Self-Compassion and Body Shame. Front Psychol. 2018;9:2004. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02004.

Dingemans A, Danner U, Parks M. Emo¬tion Regulation in Binge Eating Disorder: A Review. Nutrients. 2017;9(11):1274. DOI:10.3390/nu9111274.

Mannarini S, Balottin L, Palmieri A, Carotenuto F. Emotion Regulation and Parental Bonding in Families of Adolescents With Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms. Front Psy¬chol. 2018;9:1493. DOI:10.3389/ fpsyg.2018.01493.

Turel T, Jameson M, Gitimu P, Rowlands Z, Mincher J, Pohle-Krauza R. Disor¬dered eating: Influence of body image, sociocultural attitudes, appearance anxiety and depression-a focus on col¬lege males and a gender comparison. Cogent Psychol. 2018;5(1):1483062.

Townshend K, Jordan Z, Stephenson M, Tsey K. The effectiveness of mindful par¬enting programs in promoting parents' and children's wellbeing: a systemat¬ic review. JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2016;14(3):139-80. DOI:10.11124/JBISRIR-2016-2314.

McKee LG, Parent J, Zachary CR, Fore¬hand R. Mindful Parenting and Emotion Socialization Practices: Concurrent and Longitudinal Associations. Fam Process. 2018;57(3):752-766. DOI:10.1111/ famp.12329.

Harris RJ. A primer of multivariate sta¬tistics. 2nd ed. New York: Academic Press; 1985.

Green SB. How Many Subjects Does It Take To Do A Regression Analysis. Mul¬tivariate Behav Res. 1991;26(3):499- 510. DOI:10.1207/s15327906m¬br2603_7.

Gerlsma C, Arrindell WA, Van der Veen N, Emmelkamp PM. A parental rear¬ing style questionnaire for use with adolescents: Psychometric evaluation of the EMBU-A. Pers Individ Differ. 1991;12(12):1245-53.

Fairburn CG, Beglin SJ. Eating disorder examination questionnaire. Behav Res Ther. 2008;309:313.

Durrani SM. Development of emotional regulation scale in university students [dissertation]. University of Manage¬ment and Technology, Lahore.;2019.

Hayes AF. Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process: A regression based approach. New York: The Guilford Press; 2018.

Lockenemyer SJ. Addressing Problem¬atic Eating in Mood Disorders: A Model Program. California Institute of Integral Studies; 2020.

Bauer KW, MacLehose R, Loth KA, Fisher JO, Larson NI, Neumark-Sztain¬er D. Eating- and weight-related par¬enting of adolescents in the context of food insecurity. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2015;115(9):1408-16. DOI:10.1016/j. jand.2015.01.011.

Trompeter N, Bussey K, Forbes MK, Hay P, Goldstein M, Thornton C, et al. Emotion Dysregulation and Eating Dis¬order Symptoms: Examining Distinct Associations and Interactions in Adoles¬ cents. Res Child Adolesc Psychopathol. 2022;50(5):683-694. DOI:10.1007/ s10802-022-00898-1.

Berge JM, Wall M, Larson N, Eisenberg ME, Loth KA, Neumark-Sztainer D. The unique and additive associations of family functioning and parenting prac¬tices with disordered eating behaviors in diverse adolescents. J Behav Med. 2014;37(2):205-17. DOI:10.1007/ s10865-012-9478-1.

Voelker DK, Reel JJ, Greenleaf C. Weight status and body image percep¬tions in adolescents: current perspec¬tives. Adolesc Health Med Ther. 2015 Aug 25;6:149-58. DOI:10.2147/AHMT. S68344.

Rodgers RF, Slater A, Gordon CS, Mc¬Lean SA, Jarman HK, Paxton SJ. A Bio¬psychosocial Model of Social Media Use and Body Image Concerns, Disordered Eating, and Muscle-Building Behaviors among Adolescent Girls and Boys. J Youth Adolesc. 2020;49(2):399-409. DOI:10.1007/s10964-019-01190-0.

Donahue JM, Reilly EE, Anderson LM, Scharmer C, Anderson DA. Evaluat¬ing Associations Between Perfection¬ism, Emotion Regulation, and Eating Disorder Symptoms in a Mixed-Gen¬der Sample. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2018;206(11):900-4. DOI:10.1097/ NMD.0000000000000895.

Cella S, Cipriano A, Aprea C, Cotrufo P. Risk factors for binge eating sever¬ity among adolescent girls and boys. A structural equation modeling ap¬proach. Appetite. 2022;169:105825. DOI:10.1016/j.appet.2021.105825.

Blewitt C, Bergmeier H, Macdonald JA, Olsson CA, Skouteris H. Associations between parent-child relationship qual¬ity and obesogenic risk in adolescence: a systematic review of recent litera¬ture. Obes Rev. 2016;17(7):612-22. DOI:10.1111/obr.12413.