TYPE OF HEARING LOSS AMONG CHRONIC SUPPURATIVE OTITIS MEDIA PATIENTS

Main Article Content

Mehwish
Hadia Sultan
Syeda Asfura Badar
Minahil Shanawar
Fatima Tahir
Faiza Mukhtar
Sehar Batool

Abstract

Objective:


This study aims to explore the type and severity of hearing loss in patients with chronic suppurative
otitis media.


Methodology:


This cross-sectional study with non-probability purposive sampling technique was carried out at The Children Hospital and The Institute of Child Health (CHICH) and Mayo Hospital Lahore, Duration was 6 months (May 2023 to October 2023). Sample size was 145 CSOM patients of both gender (male, female) with ages 5 to 40 years were included. Patient with CSOM with any comorbid factors were excluded. A pre-design performa and pure tone audiometry were used. Data was analysed through SPSS version 23.0 package.


Results:


Out of 145 patients, 62 (42.8%) male and 83 (57.2%) female patients. Most patients 37 (25.5%) were in age group 10 to 15 years. 105 (72.4%) patients had earache and drainage in their ears. Patients with tubo-tympanic type perforation were 119 (82.1%) and with attico-antral type perforation were 26 (17.9%). Conductive hearing loss 103 (71%) was the most prevalent type with moderate degree 63 (61.2%) whereas, sensorineural hearing loss was 15 (10.3%) from which mostly had moderately severe degree 5 (33.3%), and mixed hearing loss was 27 (18.6%) with mostly patients had moderately severe degree 18 (66.7%).


Conclusion:


Conductive hearing loss was the most prevalent type with majority have moderate degree. Patients with tubo-tympanic perforation is more common than attico-antral. Whereas, sensorineural hearing loss and mixed hearing loss is also seen in these patients.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Mehwish, Sultan H, Asfura Badar S, Shanawar M, Tahir F, Mukhtar F, Batool S. TYPE OF HEARING LOSS AMONG CHRONIC SUPPURATIVE OTITIS MEDIA PATIENTS. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 17 [cited 2024 Apr. 17];38(1):21-5. Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/3267
Section
Original Article