Malpresentation Incidence and Causes

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Shehla Noor
Nasreen Ruby Faiz
Shagufta Murad

Abstract

From one year hospital based data, incidence of malpresentation, their mode of delivery, fetal and maternal outcome was evaluated. A retrospective study wa carried out in obstetric and gynaecology unit "B" from 1st January 1999 to December 1999. From the hosptial based obstetric record all malpresentations. Which were admitted in one year were identify and critically evaluated. There were 3002 deliveries during 1999. 286 (9.52%) patients presented iwth malpresentation. Commonest malpresentation was breech (7.3%), followed by transverse lie (1.86%) brow (0.2%) and face presentation (0.09%). Majority of these occured in multigravidae 184(64.3%). Pendulous and lax abdomen being the commonest cause. 210 (37.4%) delivered vaginally while 76(26.5%) needed emergency operative management. 4(1.39%) patients underwent subtotal abdominal hysterectomy as they presented with rupture uterus. Perinatal mortality was very high with all the malpresentation, being 153.8/1000 of total malpresentation. there was no maternal mortality incidence of all malpresentation in this study was very high then generally reported, because of unplanned reproductive pattern and lack of prenatal care and poor intrapartum care at periphery. Thus all patients being admitted to the tertiary level hospital in advanced labour, will all the sequel of obstructed labou. The general improvement of the overall socioeconomic condition is necssary to improve access to care.

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How to Cite
1.
Noor S, Faiz NR, Murad S. Malpresentation Incidence and Causes. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2011 Sep. 21 [cited 2024 May 25];15(1). Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/712
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Original Article

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