ASSESSMENT OF COGNITIVE DEFICITS, EMOTIONAL DEREGULATION AND DEPRESSION IN PATIENTS OF GENERAL SURGERY: A PRE/POST STUDY

Main Article Content

Fauzia Naz
Mamoona Mushtaq

Abstract

Objectives: The present study focused on assessing cognitive deficits and emotional
deregulation as predictors of depression in pre/post patients of general
surgery.
Methodology: The study was conducted in public sector hospitals of Lahore.
Sample comprised of 300 indoor patients (120 men & 180 women) admitted
for general surgeries. The current study used within-subject research design as
the patients were assessed before surgery and again the same patients were
assessed after surgery. Age of the sample was from 30 to 65 years. Cognitive
failure scale was used for cognitive deficits, emotional deregulation scale for assessing
emotional disturbances and PHQ-9 (patient health questionnaire) was
used for measuring depression in included patients.
Results: In pre-assessment, the mean scores of cognitive deficits, emotional
deregulation and depressive symptoms were higher as compared to post-surgery
assessments (p<0.001). Mean scores of women were higher than men
(p <0.001). Middle aged patients (30-45 years) had higher mean scores on all
study variables than older-aged (46-65 years) patients (p <.001). Results revealed
that middle-aged patients, being women, monthly income, cognitive
deficits and emotional deregulation emerged as significant predictors of depression
in patients.
Conclusion: Women and middle aged patients suffer from more cognitive deficits,
emotional deregulation and depressive symptoms. Assessment before surgery
revealed more cognitive deficits, emotional deregulation and depressive
symptoms in patients of general surgery as compared to the assessments done
after surgery.

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How to Cite
1.
Naz F, Mushtaq M. ASSESSMENT OF COGNITIVE DEFICITS, EMOTIONAL DEREGULATION AND DEPRESSION IN PATIENTS OF GENERAL SURGERY: A PRE/POST STUDY. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2017 Dec. 9 [cited 2023 Feb. 7];31(4). Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/2107
Section
Original Article
Author Biography

Fauzia Naz, Government College Township, Lahore, Pakistan

Associate professor/Head

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