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family. It is an enveloped single stranded positive sense, 9.6 kb and about 50 nm in diameter RNA virus. It is a bloodborn virus and the most common sources include unsafe injection practices, blood transfusion, unsterilized or inadequately sterilized medical equipment and vertical transmission from mother to child and the sexual contact. Hepatitis C virus has 6 major genotypes with variable global distribution: genotypes 1 is mostly found in USA and Europe, genotype 3 mostly in Southeast
Asia, genotype 4 mostly in Middle East, Egypt and Central Africa and genotype 5 almost exclusively in South Africa.
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