PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND PREGNANCY OUTCOMEAMONG INDIAN WOMEN BELONGING TO HIGH SOCIOECONOMIC FAMILIES

Main Article Content

Fatemeh Shobeiri
Khyrunnisa Begum

Abstract

Objective: This study was carried out to describe the relationship of the mother's physical activity to the

pregnancy outcome.

Material and Methods: A total of 500 healthy women with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies were

studied. Subjects belonging to high socio economic families from Mysore city, India participated in the

study. An activity questionnaire according to WHO was used. Activity score were derived based on Basal

Metabolic Rate (BMR) per unit body weight using published data. It was then administered to assess

physical activity at initial time, 14±2, 28±2 and 38±2 weeks of gestation. Women were classified into very

light, light, moderate and heavy activity categories based on their activity pattern.

Resukts: Mean energy intake of women at initial time was 1765 Kcal. This increased by 25% by the end of

pregnancy (38±2 week) period, however energy expenditure was increased by 10%. Correlation

computation revealed that higher maternal activity in first as well as second trimester was associated with

lower mean birth weight and birth length, while no such effects occurred for third trimester after adjusting

for the major confounding factors (P<0.05).

Conclusion: It can be concluded that excessive maternal activity during first and second trimesters leads

to smaller fetal size in urban affordable families of higher socioeconomic status.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Shobeiri F, Begum K. PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND PREGNANCY OUTCOMEAMONG INDIAN WOMEN BELONGING TO HIGH SOCIOECONOMIC FAMILIES. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2011 Jul. 25 [cited 2022 Oct. 7];19(2). Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/22
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Original Article

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