EFFECT OF GROUP COUNSELING ON BREASTFEEDING SELF-EFFICACY AMONG NULLIPAROUS WOMEN ATTENDING TO HEALTH CENTERS IN HAMADAN, IRAN

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Fatemeh Shobeiri
Somaieh Moradi Haghgoo
Batool Khodakarami
Ghodratolla Roshanaie

Abstract

Objective: To determine the effect of group counseling on breastfeeding self-efficacy among nulliparous women in Hamadan City of Iran.

Methodology: This project was a randomized clinical trial study. A total of 136 nulliparous women referring to health centers in Hamadan, Iran in 2017 who had got the minimum self-efficacy score were randomly divided into two experimental and control groups (n = 68). The data collection tool was a personal information questionnaire, Fax and Dennis Breastfeeding Self Efficacy Scale, which was filled out before and after the intervention. Data were analyzed by independent t-test, paired t-test and chi square using SPSS 21 software.

Results: The findings showed that mean age was 24.8 ±4.9 in the experimental group and 23.8 ±4.8 in the control group, and the mean of the spouse's age in the experimental and control groups were 29.2 ±4.8 and 27.5 ±3.7, respectively. Most of the subjects in the experimental group (73.5%) had moderate self efficacy before the intervention and only 20.6% of the subjects had high or favorable self-efficacy. At the end of the study, 50% of the attendants earned average self efficacy and 50% earned high self efficacy.

Conclusion: Group counseling among nulliparous women had a positive effect on the breastfeeding self-efficacy among them.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Shobeiri F, Moradi Haghgoo S, Khodakarami B, Roshanaie G. EFFECT OF GROUP COUNSELING ON BREASTFEEDING SELF-EFFICACY AMONG NULLIPAROUS WOMEN ATTENDING TO HEALTH CENTERS IN HAMADAN, IRAN. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2019 Oct. 10 [cited 2022 Nov. 26];33(2). Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/2388
Section
Original Article
Author Biographies

Fatemeh Shobeiri

Research Center for Child & Maternity Care, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Somaieh Moradi Haghgoo

Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery,  Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan - Iran.
Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran,

Batool Khodakarami

Mother and Child Care Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran,

Ghodratolla Roshanaie

Department of Biostatistics , Modeling of Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

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