DECREASED AMNIOTIC FLUID INDEX AND ADVERSE PREGNANCY OUTCOME AT TERM

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Rukhsana Karim
Sadaqat Jabeen
Fawad Pervaiz
Samdana Wahab
Sumaira Yaseen
Mehnaz Raees

Abstract

Objective:

 

Methodology:

 

Results:

 

Conclusion:

 

Amniotic fluid index of <5cm was associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes in the form

 

of meconium stained liquor, induction of labour, cesarean section for fetal distress, low Apgar score and

neonatal intensive care unit admission.

Labour induction was significantly higher in patients having AFI<5cm as compared to the

 

control group (p-value=0.009). Meconium stained liquor (p-value=0.023) and cesarean section rate for

fetal distress (p-value=0.000) were higher in patients having AFI<5cm. Neonatal complications were found

to be more frequent in the patients having AFI<5cm and these include, low Apgar score <7 (p=0.001) and

neonatal intensive care unit admission (p=0.078). There was no perinatal mortality in both the groups.

This experimental study was conducted at Gynae "B" unit Lady Reading Hospital

 

Peshawar from September 2004 to August 2005. A total of 100 pregnant women admitted in labour ward

were included in the study. Fifty cases with an amniotic fluid index of <5cm comprised the patient group.

Fifty controls having AFI>5cm were matched with the cases regarding age (±3years), parity and antenatal

complication (hypertension, diabetes). Apart from demographic details, maternal outcome measures such

as induction of labour; mode of delivery; meconium stained liquor; and fetal outcome measures such as

Apgar score and admission to neonatal intensive care unit were recorded on a semi structured proforma

for both the groups and analyzed by Chi square test using SPSS v.11.

To find out the effect of decreased amniotic fluid index (AFI) on adverse pregnancy outcome at

 

term.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Karim R, Jabeen S, Pervaiz F, Wahab S, Yaseen S, Raees M. DECREASED AMNIOTIC FLUID INDEX AND ADVERSE PREGNANCY OUTCOME AT TERM. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2011 Aug. 18 [cited 2021 Oct. 20];24(4). Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/296
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Original Article

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