ASSOCIATION OF DYSLIPIDEMIA AS A RISK FACTOR FOR THE FIRST EPISODE OF ISCHEMIC STROKE

Main Article Content

Muhammad Abdur Rahman Afridi
Farah Rabbani
Yasmin Akhtar

Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency and association of dyslipidemia in patients with the first episode of ischem­ic stroke.


Methodology: This observational, descriptive study of 126 patients of the first episode of ischemic stroke was conducted in the Medicine department of Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar from August 2020 to March 2021. After approval of the study by the hospital's Ethical Review Board, patients were enrolled by non-probability con­secutive sampling technique. Relevant investigations of the patients were carried out, including fasting serum li­pids and brain scan/MRI. SPSS® version 21 was used for data entry and statistical analysis; a Chi-square p-value <0.05 was considered significant.


Results: A total of 126 patients, 70(55.6%) men and 56(44.4%) women with the first-ever ischemic stroke, had a mean age of 54.56 years ±9.74SD. Dyslipidemia was found in 51.6% of patients; 53.8% of men and 46.2% of women, however, the gender difference was insignificant (X2 (df1)=0.159, p=0.690). Among 51.6% of pa­tients with dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia was the most common abnormality in 29.4% while raised levels of Low-density lipoproteins-cholesterol (LDL-C) were seen in 7.1% of patients. No significant difference in dyslipi­demia was observed in different age groups (X2 (df3)=2.263, p=0.520). Gender-wise, ischemic stroke occurred significantly in the younger men compared to women (X2(df3)=8.762, p=0.033).


Conclusion: The present study concludes that dyslipidemia was not significantly associated with patients with the first episode of ischemic stroke. Ischemic stroke occurred more significantly in younger men compared to women; however, both genders were equally affected in older age.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Afridi MAR, Farah Rabbani, Yasmin Akhtar. ASSOCIATION OF DYSLIPIDEMIA AS A RISK FACTOR FOR THE FIRST EPISODE OF ISCHEMIC STROKE. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2023 May 22 [cited 2024 May 25];37(2):119-24. Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/3174
Section
Original Article
Author Biography

Muhammad Abdur Rahman Afridi, Department of Medicine, Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar

Assistant Professor Medicine

PGMI, LRH , Peshawar

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