ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS AND ITS CORRELATION WITH SERUM TESTOSTERONE LEVELS

Main Article Content

Iqbal Haider
Suleman Elahi Malik
Nayab Munib
Subtain Hassan
Wahab Khan
Raheel Ahmad Khan

Abstract

Objective:


To determine erectile dysfunction in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM-II) and its correlation with serum testosterone levels.


Methodology:


Patients with type 2 diabetes participated in this prospective cross-sectional study at Department of Medicine, Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar from October 2022 to April 2023. After approval from institutional ethical review board, strict inclusion/exclusion criteria were followed to minimize the confounders. The sample size was calculated by OpenEpi.com, keeping the prevalence of erectile dysfunction in Pakistani diabetics at 97.8% with 5% as the error margin and a 95% confidence level. The data were recorded on well-designed questionnaire and Lynn criteria validated these items having a threshold of 0.80 by six subject experts. An SPSS version 22.0 was used to analyze various variables statistically and a p-value of 0.05 or lower was regarded as significant.



Results:


Amongst one hundred and fifty type- 2 diabetic male patients, 87 (58%) of the study population had ED. Fifty-three (35.3 %) had hypertension (HTN), 18 (12%) had dyslipidemia, and 63 (42%) had diabetic complications as co-existent co-morbidities. There were more patients with Low testosterone and ED 58.6% (n=51) than those with normal testosterone and ED 43.1% (n=36). Among T2DM patients with ED (n=87), 75.8% had poor glycemic control (HbA1c >8%) and among hypertensive patients (n=53), 81.1% had ED.


Conclusion:


Erectile dysfunction is common in poorly controlled diabetics and diabetes of long duration. In our study, there is no substantial relationship between testosterone levels and ED.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Haider I, Malik SE, Munib N, Hassan S, Khan W, Khan RA. ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS AND ITS CORRELATION WITH SERUM TESTOSTERONE LEVELS. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 17 [cited 2024 Apr. 17];38(1):15-20. Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/3273
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Original Article

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