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Methodology: This was a cross sectional, prospective, comparative study con -ducted from May 2010 to April 2011, in Emergency and Out Patient sections
of Obstetrics and Gynecology department, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar.
By purposive non-probability sampling technique, 150 subjects were selected
among attendants of regular patients, after fulfilling inclusion criterion of em-ployed and unemployed women, in age group of 15-40years. Premenstrual
symptoms were recorded as, Quantification of severity of psychological, social
and physical symptoms, for two consecutive symptomatic cycles. SPSS 16.0
was used to analyze the data. Chi-Square test was used to compare the pre-menstrual symptoms between employed and unemployed women. P value â‰¤
0.05 was taken as significant between pairs of variables.
Results: A total of 150 female patients recruited in the study. Out of these
50.7% (n=76) were employed and unemployed were 49.3% (n=74). Mean age
was 26±6.2 years (15-45). Overall 72% (n=109) of subjects were symptomat-ic with one or more premenstrual symptoms. Psychological symptoms were
found in 68 of 150 women (45%). About 50% of women in the employed
group had psychological symptoms as compared to 40% in the un-employed
group. Social symptoms were present in 64 of 150 women (42%). About 36
out of 76 employed women (47%) whereas 28 out of 74 un-employed women
(37%) reported social symptoms. Physical symptoms were present in 89 of 150
women (59%). These were present in 43 out of 76 employed (56%) and 46 out
of 74 un-employed women (62%).
Conclusion: The results suggest that the distribution of premenstrual symp-toms does not vary significantly between employed and un-employed wom -en. Although different groups of females may have different manifestations,
these are not statistically significant to emphasize the role of environmental
factors in its causation.
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