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Objective: To find out the frequency of adenoid hypertrophy among adult patients with nasal obstruction.
Methodology: The study was carried out in CMH Bahawalpur and CMH Okara, from June 2015 to June 2017. Adult cases with nasal obstruction who reported in the ear, nose and throat (ENT) department in the above mentioned period were included in the study. Data was analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 20. Frequency and percentage were calculated for qualitative variables while mean and standard deviation (SD) were calculated for quantitative variable.
Results: There were 3454 adult cases of nasal obstruction consented for research. The major cause of nasal obstruction was deviated nasal septum (DNS) in 1211 (35.06%) of individuals followed by inferior turbinate hypertrophy. Frequency of adenoid hypertrophy was 149 (4.31%). Among them, 21 (0.61%) had adenoid hypertrophy alone, 52 (1.51%) had associated nasal polyps, 39 cases (1.12%) had adenoid along with deviated nasal septum and 37 (1.07%) had adenoid hypertrophy along with inferior turbinate hypertrophy. Among the adults with adenoid hypertrophy, 95 (63.76%) were males. Age range was from 16 to 52 years.
Conclusion: Adenoid hypertrophy is prevalent in adults and is an important cause of nasal obstruction.
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