OCCUPATIONAL HEARING LOSS: A CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY IN A MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY AT BAHAWALPUR

Main Article Content

Muhammad Ahmed Khan
Sumera Akram
Shahid Majeed
Hassan Bin Usman

Abstract

Objective: To assess occupational hearing loss among the workers of a manufacturing
industry at Bahawalpur.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was carried out in a manufacturing
industry in Bahawalpur. The study was carried out from August to October
2015. There were 448 individuals working in that industry. All those individuals
who were subject to daily noise in the industry and who consented for
inclusion in the study were included. Information including age, gender, use
of protective ear plugs, and history of any chronic disease or chronic drugs/
medications use was also gathered. A qualified audiologist carried out pure
tone audiometry (PTA) of all the workers in standard settings.
Results: Pure tone audiometry (PTA) of 448 industry workers showed that
39(8.71%) had sensorineural hearing loss and 8(1.78%) had conductive hearing
loss. Among 39 patients of sensorineural hearing loss, 29 had mild (from
26 to 40 dB), 7 had moderate (from 41 to 55dB) and 3 had moderately severe
(56 to 70dB) hearing loss. When enquired about use of hearing protection
devices during noise exposure, 30 of these 39 did not use hearing protection
devices while 9 used hearing protection measures, showing significant
association between use of hearing protection device and healthy hearing
(p=0.000). Out of 448 workers, 367(81.92%) used the hearing protection devices
and rest 811(8.08%) denied their use.
Conclusion: Occupational noise can lead to hearing loss. Use of hearing protection
measures are significantly associated with healthy hearing.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Khan MA, Akram S, Majeed S, Bin Usman H. OCCUPATIONAL HEARING LOSS: A CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY IN A MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY AT BAHAWALPUR. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2016 Nov. 26 [cited 2021 Sep. 25];30(4). Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/1927
Section
Original Article
Author Biography

Muhammad Ahmed Khan, CMH Bahawalpur

Maj Dr Muhammad Ahmed Khan

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