Main Article Content
Objective: To determine the outcome of removal of tracheobronchial foreign bodies by flexible bronchoscopy and related complications.
Methodology: We retrospectively reviewed patients with foreign bodies (FBs) treated between January 2010 and May 2018 at Pulmonology department. The demographic and endoscopic data was collected and analyzed.
Results: A total of 30 adult patients (12 men and 18 women) with an average age of 35 ±7.24 years were analyzed. Most common FBs included metallic pin (n=16, 53%), metallic nut-bolt (n=4, 13%), whistles (n=4, 13%), nut shells (n=2, 6%), bone (n=2, 6%), dental prosthesis (n=1, 3%) and dental brush (n=1, 3%). The prevalence of FB-related complications was 75%, including granulation formation (70%), obstructive pneumonia (20%), hemorrhage (20%), atelectasis (13%) and endobronchial stenotic scarring (10%). In 96% of the patients, the FBs were successfully removed with flexible video bronchoscopy and 01 patient required rigid bronchoscopy.
Conclusion: There was high frequency of FB-related complications likely due to prolong delay between aspiration and diagnosis. The removal of foreign bodies under flexible video bronchoscopy has a significant success rate and therefore can be used in adults.
Work published in JPMI is licensed under a
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.