ASSESSMENT OF MOTHER’S LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE ON WHO DANGER SIGNS IN NEONATES-A HOSPITAL BASED SURVEY

Saffi Ullah, Farhat Rehana Malik, Anum Gul

Abstract


Objective: To assess maternal knowledge of World Health Organization (WHO) recognized neonatal danger signs and its association with maternal demographic characteristics.
Methodology: This descriptive study was conducted in pediatric unit of Kuwait Teaching Hospital Peshawar among 100 post-natal mothers. A pre structured questionnaire was administered to collect data. WHO recognized neonatal danger signs included; poor suckling, convulsions, increased respiratory rate, difficulty in breathing, fever, hypothermia, lethargy, jaundice and local infection. The total number of nine correct spontaneous responses was scored excellent, 7 as good, 5 as average, 3 as fair and 0 as poor knowledge. Data were analyzed with SPSS version 20 with computation of descriptive statistics and Chi square with significance level at 0.05.
Results: Mean maternal age was 26.42 years with SD as 6.044 (95% CI; 25.32- 27.57). Excellent knowledge of mothers was found in poor suckling (87.1%), convulsions (89.1%), fast breathing (81.2%) and difficulty in breathing (86.1%). Moderate knowledge was found for fever (72.3%), lethargy (67.3%) and local infection (63.4%). Poor knowledge was exhibited in hypothermia (44.6%) and jaundice (42.6%). P value was significant for difficult breathing (0.03) and lethargy (0.04). Only age of mothers was found to be significant for fever (0.022) and jaundice (0.030). Overall 31% of the mothers had excellent, 16% very good, 33% average, 16% fair and 5% poor knowledge of danger signs.
Conclusion: The study revealed excellent maternal knowledge in four, moderate in three and poor in two neonatal danger signs. Significant demographic variable was age of mothers.

 


Keywords


Knowledge, Mothers, Neonate, WHO danger signs.

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