MATERNAL KNOWLEDGE OF INFANTILE DIARRHEA: A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY IN PRIVATE TEACHING HOSPITALS OF DISTRICT PESHAWAR-PAKISTAN

Main Article Content

Muhammad Haris
Farhat Rehana Malik
Sohail Ahmad
Syed Maaz Ali Shah
Saqib Sultan
Zia Ullah Shah

Abstract

 


Objective: To evaluate maternal knowledge regarding causes, signs and management of infantile diarrhea.


Methodology: This descriptive study was conducted at Pediatrics wards of two Private Teaching Hospitals of District Peshawar from 10th January 2020 to 10th March 2020. A total of 150 mothers were recruited whose chil­dren were admitted in Pediatric wards through convenient sampling technique with informed consent. A validated questionnaire was used for eligible mothers’ personal interviews in their local languages i.e Urdu and Pushto. The collected data was stored and analyzed in SPSS v.21.0; descriptive and inferential statistics were used as needed.


Results: The maternal mean age was 28±7.74 years with overall response rate of the questionnaires as 98%. Knowledge of diarrhea as watery stool was appreciated by 97(64.66 %) mothers, however, 10(6.66%) mothers had no idea about this. Evil eye was considered by 72(48%) mothers as the cause behind diarrhea, followed by contaminated water 39(26%), and teething 10(6.66%). Maternal knowledge of danger signs came out to be as weakness/lethargy 74(49.33%), followed by marked thirst for water 46(30.66%), and repeated vomiting 24(16%). The use of ORS for 24 hours was recognized by 30(20%) mothers, timings of ORS after every stool by 36(24%) mothers, and 94(62.66%) mothers were unaware about ORS usage. A significant association between maternal education and maternal knowledge was established with p value of <0.05.


Conclusion: Maternal knowledge of causes, signs and management of infantile diarrhea was better in educated mothers.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Haris M, Malik FR, Ahmad S, Shah SMA, Sultan S, Shah ZU. MATERNAL KNOWLEDGE OF INFANTILE DIARRHEA: A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY IN PRIVATE TEACHING HOSPITALS OF DISTRICT PESHAWAR-PAKISTAN. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2021 Jun. 30 [cited 2023 Feb. 2];35(2):100-5. Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/2804
Section
Original Article
Author Biography

Farhat Rehana Malik, Department of Community Medicine, Peshawar Medical College, Riphah International University, Islamabad-Pakistan

Professor, Community Health Sciences. Peshawar Medical College, Warsak Road. Peshawar. Riphah International University, Islamabad. Pakistan.

References

World Health Organization. Diarrhea. https://www.who.int/topics/diarrhoea/ en/ (2020, accessed 20 March 2020).

Workie HM, Sharifabdilahi AS, Addis EM. Mothers’ knowledge, attitude and practice towards the prevention and home-based management of diarrhe¬al disease among under-five children in Diredawa, Eastern Ethiopia, 2016: a cross-sectional study. BMC Pediatr. 2018; 18(1): 358. DOI: https://doi. org/10.1186/s12887-018-1321-6.

World Health Organization. Mater¬nal Child Adolescent. www.who.int/ maternal_child_adolescent/docu-ments/9789241598415/en/ (accessed 20 March,2020).

Mumtaz Y, Zafar M, Mumtaz Z. Knowl¬edge attitude and practices of moth¬ers about diarrhea in children under 5 years. J Dow Univ Health Sci. 2014; 8(1): 3-6.

Adeleke AI, Mhlaba T. Maternal Knowl¬edge, Attitudes and Practices towards Prevention and Management of Child Diarrhoea in Urban and Rural Maseru, Lesotho. Int J Trop Dis Health. 2019; 36(2): 1-20.

Crawford SE, Ramani S, Tate JE, Parashar UD, Svensson L, et al. Rota¬virus infection. Nat Rev Dis Primers. 2017; 3(1):1-6.

Shah S, Shreshta M, Sharma B, Pand¬ey N, Dahal S. Knowledge and Practice on Childhood Diarrhea among Mothers having Children Under Five Years of Age in Madhuban, Sunsari- Nepal. Religion. 2019; 20(42):29-1.

Shahzad S, Farooq SA, Noor A, Batool SF, Alvi Q, Amir T, et al. Association of Maternal Knowledge and Practices Regarding Prevention and Care of Di¬arrhea at Home for Children less than 5 years of Age: A Study Conducted in Tertiary Level Hospitals of Lahore, Pa¬kistan. Int Arch BioMed Clinical Res. 2018;4(2): 68-72.

Raosoft. Sample Size Calculator Online http://www.raosoft.com/samplesize. html. (accessed 11September, 2021).

Hanif Z, Afridi A, Kibria Z, Maroof A, Sumayyah E. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Mothers regarding the use of Oral Rehydration Solution in chil¬dren’s suffering from diarrhea. J Khyber Coll Dent. 2018;8(1): 37-40.

Padhy S, Sethi RK, Behera N. Mother’s knowledge, attitude and practice re¬garding prevention and management of diarrhea in children in Southern Odisha. Int J Contemp Pediatr. 2017;4(3): 966- 71.

Abdel-Aziz S. B, Mowafy MA, Galal YS. Assessing the Impact of a Communi¬ty-Based Health and Nutrition Educa¬tion on the Management of Diarrhea in an Urban District, Cairo, Egypt. Glob J Health Sci. 2016; 8(2): 46–55.

Mutalik AV, Raje VV. Relationship be¬tween maternal education and socioeconomic status on knowledge, attitude and practice of mother and her child regarding acute diarrheal dis¬eases. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017; 4(12): 4472-6

Dhingra D, Dabas A, Anand T, Pinnama¬neni R. Maternal Knowledge, Attitude and Practices during Childhood Diarrhea. Tropical Doctor. 2018;48(4)298-300. DOI: 10.1177/0049475518787425.