COMPARISON OF POSTNATAL DEPRESSION IN WOMEN FOLLOWING NORMAL VAGINAL DELIVERY AND CAESAREAN SECTION: A PILOT STUDY
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Objective: To compare the frequency of postnatal depression in women following Normal Vaginal Delivery and Caesarian Section.
Methodology: A comparative study was conducted in Departments of Obstetrics& Gynecology of Lady Reading Hospital, Khyber Teaching Hospitaland Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar from November 2009 to January2010. A total of 100 women; 50 cases of Normal Vaginal Delivery and 50cases of Caesarian Sections were included in the study through purposive,non-probability sampling technique. A semi-structured demographic proformaand Edinburg Post-Natal Depression Scale (EPNDS) were used for datacollection by interviewing the cases between 1st and 8th post partum weeks. All findings were recorded in SPSS and excel sheets. Chi square test was appliedas the test of significance and P- value of less than 0.05 was consideredsignificant.
Results: The mean age of the sample was 29.68+ 6.8 years (Range 15-52years). In women that underwent Caesarean Section (n=50), 29 (58%) werefound as having depressive illness while in the group of women that gavebirth through Normal Vaginal delivery (n=50), 12 (24%) were having depression(p- value < 0.001).
Conclusion: The study concluded that postnatal depression is significantlymore common in the females undergoing caesarian sections as compared tothe normal vaginal deliveries.
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