COMPARISON OF POSTNATAL DEPRESSION IN WOMEN FOLLOWING NORMAL VAGINAL DELIVERY AND CAESAREAN SECTION: A PILOT STUDY

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Farhat Rehana Malik
Beenish Benazir Malik
Muhammad Irfan

Abstract

Objective: To compare the frequency of postnatal depression in women following Normal Vaginal Delivery and Caesarian Section.

Methodology: A comparative study was conducted in Departments of Obstetrics& Gynecology of Lady Reading Hospital, Khyber Teaching Hospitaland Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar from November 2009 to January2010. A total of 100 women; 50 cases of Normal Vaginal Delivery and 50cases of Caesarian Sections were included in the study through purposive,non-probability sampling technique. A semi-structured demographic proformaand Edinburg Post-Natal Depression Scale (EPNDS) were used for datacollection by interviewing the cases between 1st and 8th post partum weeks. All findings were recorded in SPSS and excel sheets. Chi square test was appliedas the test of significance and P- value of less than 0.05 was consideredsignificant.

Results: The mean age of the sample was 29.68+ 6.8 years (Range 15-52years). In women that underwent Caesarean Section (n=50), 29 (58%) werefound as having depressive illness while in the group of women that gavebirth through Normal Vaginal delivery (n=50), 12 (24%) were having depression(p- value < 0.001).

Conclusion: The study concluded that postnatal depression is significantlymore common in the females undergoing caesarian sections as compared tothe normal vaginal deliveries.

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How to Cite
1.
Malik FR, Malik BB, Irfan M. COMPARISON OF POSTNATAL DEPRESSION IN WOMEN FOLLOWING NORMAL VAGINAL DELIVERY AND CAESAREAN SECTION: A PILOT STUDY. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2015 May 12 [cited 2022 Sep. 24];29(1). Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/1736
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Original Article
Author Biography

Farhat Rehana Malik

Senior Lecturer, Community Health Sciences.

MBBS(KMC), MPH(Peshawar Univ;)

MCPS training in Community Medicine completed cleared the theory paper yet to pass the viva.

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