DIFFERENTIAL EFFECTIVENESS OF COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY AND PSYCHO EDUCATION THERAPY ON KHAT CHEWING BEHAVIOR AND ASSOCIATED MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS
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Objective: To compare the differential effectiveness of Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and Psycho-Education Therapy (PET) on minimizing Khat chewing behavior and associated mental health problems.
Methodology: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 40 regular Khat consumer men selected through consecutive sampling technique. The participants were randomly allocated to either CBT group or Psycho-education group by lottery method. The CBT group received seven sessions of manualized CBT for substance abuse and the psycho-education group received three sessions on addiction-related educations. Both therapies were carried out in group format. Depression and Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) was used for assessing both groups before and after the administration of the therapies. Chi square and t-test were used to calculate the difference between the groups.
Results: The age of participants of CBT and PET groups ranged from 18-25 years (mean 22.15 ±2.32 and 22.30 ±2.20 years respectively). A significant decrease was found in the Khat chewing behavior in CBT group as compared to the psycho-education group. Similarly other mental health problems in the CBT group were significantly reduced.
Conclusion: CBT was effective in decreasing Khat chewing behavior and associated mental health problems.
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