A SEROLOGICAL STUDY OF HEPATITIS C AND HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS IN A COHORT OF INTRAVENOUS DRUG USERS IN QUETTA, BALOCHISTAN

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Shahid Abbasi
Farah Faqir
Shahtaj Khan
Sabeen Khurshid Zaidi
Saqib Qayyum Ahmad
Abdul Sattar
Masood Satti

Abstract

Objective: To determine seroprevalence of hepatits C virus (HCV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) amongst drug abusers in Quetta , Balochistan.

Material and Methods: This Cross-sectional survey was conducted in Combined Military Hospital Quetta Balochistan, from June 2003 to Aug 2003.A total of 300 male drug abusers registered by an NGO were provided voluntary HIV, HBV and HCV testing. All participants were above 18 years of age and were residing in Quetta. Testing for HCV antibody and HBV surface antigen(HBsAg) was done by 3rd Generation Elisa (Adaltis), and for HIV antibody by ELISA (Genscreen) with confirmatory Western blot testing (BioRad).

Results: Among 300 intravenous drug users 1 (.33%) was anti HIV antibodies positive, 129 (43%) were HBsAg positive and 134 (44.7%) were anti HCV antibodies positive.

Conclusion: This study shows that there is a high incidence of HBV and HCV positive cases among intravenous drug abusers in Quetta. However the incidence of HIV is very low in this setup.

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How to Cite
1.
Abbasi S, Faqir F, Khan S, Zaidi SK, Ahmad SQ, Sattar A, Satti M. A SEROLOGICAL STUDY OF HEPATITIS C AND HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS IN A COHORT OF INTRAVENOUS DRUG USERS IN QUETTA, BALOCHISTAN. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2011 Jul. 27 [cited 2022 Dec. 9];23(1). Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/56
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