IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA AS A CAUSE OF BREATH HOLDING SPELLS

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Ziaullah K
Shah Nawaz
Samiullah Shah
Azmat Talat

Abstract

Objective: To assess the efficiency of iron therapy in reducing the frequency of breath holding spells.

Material and Methods: This was a prospective, interventional study conducted in the department of

Pediatrics, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar. A total of 50 patients between the ages of 6 months

and 5 years with breath holding spells and mild to moderate iron deficiency anemia were studied. After

giving them iron therapy for 8 weeks, they were assessed for the improvement in their anemia and its

impact on the frequency of breath holding spells.

Results: Fifty children with iron deficiency anemia and breath holding spells were studied prospectively.

Thirty-one (62%) cases were males and 19 (38%) females. The mean age was 27 months (SD ±12.6). The

mean baseline hemoglobin was 9.79gm/dl. After 4 weeks of iron therapy it was 10.54gm/dl and after 8

weeks it was 11.23gm/dl. There was a statistically significant rise in the hemoglobin level with 8 weeks of

iron therapy (p<0.001). This rise in the hemoglobin level was associated with a statistically significant fall

in the frequency of breath holding spells with 8 weeks of iron therapy (p<0.001).

Conclusion: It appears that treating iron deficiency anemia is effective in reducing the frequency of

breath holding spells.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
K Z, Nawaz S, Shah S, Talat A. IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA AS A CAUSE OF BREATH HOLDING SPELLS. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2011 Jul. 25 [cited 2022 Oct. 7];19(2). Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/37
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Original Article

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