ASSESSMENT OF DRUG COMPLIANCE AMONG HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS

Main Article Content

Yasmin Akhtar
Muhammad Abdur Rahman Afridi
Zainab Rahman
Zafar Ali

Abstract

Objective: To assess the compliance in hypertensive patients to anti-hypertensive medications.

Methodology: A descriptive case series study was conducted in the Department of Medicine, Lady Reading Hospital and Khan Memorial Clinic at Abaseen Hospital Dabgari Garden, Peshawar from November 2018 to January 2019.The study included 196 hypertensive patients of both genders above 18 years of age. All hypertensive patients taking antihypertensive medications were included. Demographic and clinical details were recorded regarding duration of hypertension, name, dose and number of drugs being taken and presence of any comorbidity noted. SPSS version 21.0 was utilized for data entry and statistical analysis. Chi-square test at p value ≤0.05 at 95% confidence level was considered statistically significant.

Results: Among 196 patients, 49 (25%) were male and 147 (75%) were female; with a male to female ratio of 1:3. Age of the patients ranged from 18 to 93 (55.99 ±10.31) years; 120 (61.2%) belonged to 40-60 age group whereas 60 (30.6%) were above 60 years. Overall, 111 (56.6%) patients had poor compliance and 85 (43.4%) had good compliance to medication; 68 (34.7%) were taking beta blockers while 70(35.7%) were on combination of drugs; those on angiotensin II receptor blockers and combinations had better compliance (p=0.001).

Conclusion: Majority of the patients in this study were non-compliant to antihypertensive medications. There was no statistical difference between different age groups and gender in relation to compliance. Use of ARBs and drug combinations significantly correlated with good compliance.

 

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Akhtar Y, Afridi MAR, Rahman Z, Ali Z. ASSESSMENT OF DRUG COMPLIANCE AMONG HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2020 Mar. 31 [cited 2022 May 19];33(4). Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/2592
Section
Original Article
Author Biographies

Yasmin Akhtar, Post RN Scholar Lady Reading Hospital, MTI, Peshawar

Post RN Scholar

Medicine/Cardilogy

Muhammad Abdur Rahman Afridi, Lady Reading Hospital, Medical Teaching Institution, Peshawar.

Associate Professor Medicine,

Department of Medicine,

LRH, MTI , Peshawar

(Coresponding Author)

Zafar Ali, LRH, MTI, Peshawar

Assistant Professor Medicine

LRH, MTI

Most read articles by the same author(s)

<< < 1 2 3 4 > >>