FREQUENCY OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF VERNAL KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS IN PATIENTS PRESENTING TO A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

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Muhammad Irfan
Shahid Abdur Rauf Khan
Wali Ullah
Zeeshan Ahmed
Kamran Khalid

Abstract

Objective: To determine frequency of different types of vernal kerato-conjunctivitis

presenting to ophthalmology department of  Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar.

Methodology: This was a cross sectional study. A total of 165 patients were examined through slit lamp and diagnosed as vernal kerato-conjunctivitis on the basis of pre-determined criteria. After diagnosis, they were classified into the three types. Percentages were calculated for the types of vernal kerato-conjunctivitis in each group. Data was stratified among different age groups and gender.  Chi-squared test was used to calculate the significance for these categorical variables.

Results: Out of 165 patients, 105 were male and 60 were female. Age ranged from 5-16 years with mean ± SD of 9 ± 2.8 years. Average duration of symptoms was 4 ± 1.6 years. Age group of 9-12 years had highest number of patients which was 66 (40%) while the lowest number of patients were observed in age group 13-16 years that was 41 (25%). Palpebral vernal kerato-conjunctivitis was the most frequent type of VKC seen in children which 47%, limbal was 30% and mixed type was seen in 23%.

Conclusion: Vernal kerato-conjunctivitis was more frequent in male gender while palpebral type was the most common presentation in our studied population.

 

 

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Irfan M, Khan SAR, Ullah W, Ahmed Z, Khalid K. FREQUENCY OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF VERNAL KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS IN PATIENTS PRESENTING TO A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2021 Mar. 20 [cited 2021 Sep. 25];34(4). Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/2657
Section
Original Article
Author Biographies

Muhammad Irfan, Hayatabad Medical Complex

Fellow Paediatric Ophthalmology, Department of Ophthalmology

Shahid Abdur Rauf Khan, Hayatabad Medical Complex

Fellow Vitreo retina, Department of Ophthalmology

Wali Ullah, Hayatabad medical complex

Fellow Vitreoretina, Department of Ophthalmology

Zeeshan Ahmed, Hayatabad Medical complex

TMO, Department of Ophthalmology

Kamran Khalid, Gomal Medical College

Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology

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