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Objective: To determine frequency of different types of vernal kerato-conjunctivitis
presenting to ophthalmology department of Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar.
Methodology: This was a cross sectional study. A total of 165 patients were examined through slit lamp and diagnosed as vernal kerato-conjunctivitis on the basis of pre-determined criteria. After diagnosis, they were classified into the three types. Percentages were calculated for the types of vernal kerato-conjunctivitis in each group. Data was stratified among different age groups and gender. Chi-squared test was used to calculate the significance for these categorical variables.
Results: Out of 165 patients, 105 were male and 60 were female. Age ranged from 5-16 years with mean ± SD of 9 ± 2.8 years. Average duration of symptoms was 4 ± 1.6 years. Age group of 9-12 years had highest number of patients which was 66 (40%) while the lowest number of patients were observed in age group 13-16 years that was 41 (25%). Palpebral vernal kerato-conjunctivitis was the most frequent type of VKC seen in children which 47%, limbal was 30% and mixed type was seen in 23%.
Conclusion: Vernal kerato-conjunctivitis was more frequent in male gender while palpebral type was the most common presentation in our studied population.
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