MAGNESIUM SULPHATE THERAPY IN ECLAMPSIA: A 5 YEARS EXPERIENCE AT A TEACHING HOSPITAL

Main Article Content

Talat Naz
Lubna Hassan
Isma Rafique

Abstract

Objective

 

: To describe the presentation of eclampsia, its management and associated outcomes using

Methodology:


This descriptive study was conducted at Obstetrics and Gynecology unit, Hayatabad Medical

Complex, Peshawar from January 2004 to December 2008. Data was collected from all patients presenting

 

with eclampsia.

Results

 

: A total of 146 patients had eclampsia. Unbooked were 124 (84.93%). Mean age 23 years ± 5.3

years (range 18-38 years), primigravida were 69.17 %(101 cases). Antepartum fits in 72.6 % (106 cases),

intrapartum 14 (9.58%) and 27(18.49%) postpartum. MgSO4 was used in all except 4 with oliguria, they

were given diazepam. Recurrent fit occurred in only 20(13.69%). MgSO4 toxicity occurred as respiratory

depression in 9 cases., depressed tendon reflexes in 10 and decreased urine output in 13 cases Total

deliveries were 23021, prevalence of eclampsia was 0.63% .Mode of delivery was Vaginal in 97 (66.43%),

instrumental in 29 (19.98%) and cesarean section in 20 (13.69%)cases. There were 26(17.2%) stillbirths

and 4 neonatal deaths. Complications included HELLP in 17 (11.64%), pulmonary complications in 17,

renal failure in 7(4.79%), DIC in 16(10.95%) and temporary blindness in 16 cases. Eleven (7.53%)

maternal deaths occurred, causes included DIC in 1case, HELLP in 2, renal failure 1, cardiopulmonary

failure in 2 and CVA (recieved deeply unconscious) in 5 cases. All were unbooked cases and with delay in

reaching hospital.

Conclusion:

 

 

Eclampsia is common antenatally and in primigravidae, and a major cause of maternal

morbidity and mortality in our region.It was effectively controlled with MgSO4, preventing recurrent fits

 

and safe for both mother and fetus.

 

magnesium sulphate (MgSO4), over a five years period at a tertiary care hospital.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Naz T, Hassan L, Rafique I. MAGNESIUM SULPHATE THERAPY IN ECLAMPSIA: A 5 YEARS EXPERIENCE AT A TEACHING HOSPITAL. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2011 Dec. 29 [cited 2022 Oct. 4];26(1). Available from: https://jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/1211
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Original Article

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